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Propping and needling webinar recording providing an overview of the design considerations required when making an opening in a load-bearing wall.

Webinar Overview

Panelists: Joshua Martin (Andun Engineering Consultants) and David Stevens (Andun Engineering Consultants)

Date: 26th November 2021

Duration: 31:47

Content Outline

  • What Is Propping & Needling (00:00)
  • Propping & Needling Design Considerations (03:21)
  • Types of Propping & Needling Schemes (10:53)
  • Case Study – India Buildings, Liverpool (27:16)

What Is Propping & Needling?

Propping and Needling is the temporary works associated with creating openings in walls. This is typically used in cut and carve demolition where the scope of the work is to open up an enclosed area to create an open airy space.

Considerations For Propping & Needling

There are a number of different design considerations that need to be considered, those discussed within the webinar include;

  • Importance of Site Investigation
  • Requirement for back propping (where necessary)
  • Lateral Stability
  • Support of other structures
  • Sequence of construction and the permanent solution
  • Checking for any services
  • Exclusion zones
  • Foundations and potential settlement
  • How the new beam will be installed and permitted working space
  • Deflection of the new structure
  • Supporting vertical loadings only (Shear walls and arches will require further TW)
  • Overall stability of the structure with the openings created
  • Other openings nearby and the interface between them

Types of Propping and Needling

Josh also reviewed the different types of propping and examples of use cases for each one.

  1. Strong boys or temporary lintels
  2. Needling with props onto solid floor (props every needle or header beam on props)
  3. Backpropping with needling props or reverse needles
  4. Widely spaced large needles with pinned wall with back to back PFC and small needles. Similar application with PFCs only.
  5. Pinyford stool method
  6. Back to back FCV stools
  7. Scissor propping

Case Study

The India Buildings Liverpool (27:16)

Additional Resources

Building Research Establishment (BRE) (Good Building Guides)

Temporary Works Forum (TWF)

CIRIA (C589 – Retention of Masonry Facades among others)

BS5975 Temporary Works Flowchart

Temporary Works: Principles of design and construction (ICE Publication)